مسجد جامع دهلی بین سالهای ۱۶۵۰ تا ۱۶۵۶ میلادی/ ۱۰۶۰ تا ۱۰۶۶ هجری قمری به دستور شاه جهان پنجمین امپراتور گورکانی هند و سازنده تاج محل ساخته شدهاست. مسجد جامع روبروی قلعه سرخ، در قسمت دهلی قدیم قرار دارد و یکی از مراکز مهم مسلمانان در هند به شمار میرود.
BFnews: Commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, builder of the Taj Mahal, and completed in the year 1628 AD, it is the largest and best-known mosque in India. It lies at the origin of a very busy central street of Old Delhi, the Chawri Bazar Road.
The later name, Jama Masjid, is a reference to the weekly Friday noon congregation prayers of Muslims, Jummah, which are usually done at a mosque, the "congregational mosque" or "jāmi' masjid". The courtyard of the mosque can hold up to twenty-five thousand worshipers. The mosque also houses several relics in a closet in the north gate, including an antique copy of the Qur'an written on deer skin.
The foundation of the historic Jama Masjid aka(Friday Mosque) was laid on a hillock in Shahjahanabad by fifth Mughal Emperor of India, Shahjahan, on Friday, October 19,1650 AD, (10th Shawwal 1060 AH). The mosque was the result of the efforts of over 5,000 workers, over a period of seven years. The courtyard of the mosque can be reached from the east, north and south by three flights of steps, all built of red sandstone.
The cost incurred on the construction in those times was 10 lakh (1 million) Rupees, and it was the same Emperor who also built the Taj Mahal, at Agra and the Red Fort, which stands opposite the Jama Masjid, which was finally ready in 1656 AD (1066 AH), complete with three great gates, four towers and two 40 m-high minarets constructed of strips of red sandstone and white marble.
About 25,000 people can pray here at a time. The mosque has a vast paved rectangular courtyard, which is nearly 75 m by 66 m. The whole of the western chamber is a big hall standing on 260 pillars all carved from Hindu and Jain traditions. The central courtyard is accessible from the East. The Eastern side entrance leads to another enclosure containing the mausoleum of Sultan Ahmed Shah.